Tuesday, June 28, 2016

Women and the Buddha

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Women and the Buddha
The Maya Devi Temple is an ancient Buddhist temple located in Lumbini. There is the "sacred tree", where Buddha's mother, Queen Maya Devi, then supported the birth of her son. The mother of Buddha, Maya Devi died seven days after giving birth. She had had a pregnancy ten lunar months, during which not only did not experience discomfort of any kind, but enjoyed great comfort and lightness. During that period, only he had to lay hands on the sick to heal them. The conception of the Buddha, he fell through a dream or vision: An  elephant white with six tusks and red head, coming into her belly gently on the right flank.

There are some who attributed his early death at a puerperal fever and there who estimates that after giving birth to Buddha, had lost sense its existence, it could never aspire to nobler than that mission. The prince spent his first seven years in charge of his maternal aunt and her father 's second wife, Mahaprajapati, known as "The Great Wisdom". At sixteen he married Princess Yashodama, his cousin, with whom he had a son. He left when he decided to follow both religious life and years later, when he returned to visit, Yashodama showed his annoyance at first instance and then decided to follow his example and become a nun.

Buddha did not accept in principle the claims of Yashodama. Gautama recommended not to look at women and, if there was no other choice, look at them as mothers, daughters or sisters in order to eliminate one of the most powerful sources of desire. However, as the separations of caste discrimination of women he clashed with his teachings. According to these, every human being regardless of karma drag -born men or women, warriors or untouchables, handsome or ugly, healthy or misshapen under previous- accumulated in our lives karma, carries the seed of liberation.

It took a few years to accept that his aunt and his wife Yashodoma Mahaprajapati from entering the Order, resistance can be interpreted as the result of his own doubts and convictions, or by cultural milieu in which he lived, radically hostile to such equivalence. The fact is that it allowed, and Buddhism is the only major religion that accepts equality of the sexes; although, for obvious reasons, do not mix in community life.

Sunday, June 12, 2016

The Nero's death

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The Nero's death
The Roman emperor Nero was forced to commit suicide on June 9 year 68. A crazy tyrant, extravagant, cruel, scourge of Christians, arsonist, matricide and loved by the people and has been described Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, head of the  Roman Empire. Between 54 and 68 of our era few epithets seem be more informed than others. Thus, for example, of murderer of his own mother, Agrippina according to some, because it conspired against him; according to others, in order to marry her lover, Popea and cold and cruel tyrant: his reign was characterized by systematic executions of all who stood in his path, including his British stepbrother and his former tutor, the philosopher Seneca.

Nephew also controversial Caligula, Nero came to the throne after the death of another of his uncles, the emperor Claudius, who had adopted him and named successor to the detriment of his son, Britannicus. It thus became the last ruler of the dynasty Julio- Claudia (descendant of Julius Caesar ) initiated by Augustus. not all were shadows in his reign historians today emphasize that defeated the Parthian Empire, quelled the revolt of the Britons and improved relations with Greece. It also promoted diplomacy, trade, sport and culture, especially the theater he build many and music. He himself was an amateur musician: he sang and played the lyre, as seen in many films.

What nowadays is seriously in doubt is that it was he who ordered the famous  fire of Rome July 64 , and contemplate the city in flames while his favorite pastime she gave herself: taƱer his instrument playing the epic Iliupersis (this it was an evil historian Suetonius, who hated him). The devastating fire was probably accidental and Nero, on hearing of it, quickly traveled to Rome from his hometown, Anzio, where he was to handle the disaster. According to Tacitus, used his own treasure to provide material assistance, opened the doors of his palace to people who had lost their home and opened a fund to pay them food.

Yes it is true, however, that the Emperor accused the fire to Christians as scapegoats to ward off rumors that it to him, and that these repressed and persecuted viciously and extreme hardness. This again won the favor of the people, who adored him another historically true; not the governors, the Senate and the army, which after many conspiracies and tensions gave a coup, placed Galba on the throne and declared "public enemy" Nero. He fled Rome and himself surrounded by soldiers, he asked his secretary Epaphroditus stabbed him. It happened on June 9, AD 68, and according to another historian of the period, Dion Cassius, his last words were: "What an artist dies with me!".