Saturday, March 19, 2016

The curious manchego village of the Bronze Age

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The curious manchego village of the Bronze Age
Motilla del Azuer is a unique archaeological site: has the oldest hydraulic structure of the Iberian Peninsula. Undoubtedly, Motilla of Azuer is the most important site of the Bronze Age in Castilla La Mancha (2200-1300 BC). A bird 's eye view looks like a spiky circular maze, and scientific view, due to a unique typology and little unless unusual in prehistoric times: the motillas, an artificial lift in the middle of a plain surrounding space. In the trapezoidal courtyard is the waterhole.

The fortified town of La Motilla del Azuer, with stone walls over eight meters high and a circular tower with a maze in the center, has the oldest discovery well so far in our territory. Water, then as now, rarely falling from the sky in the area and the men of the Bronze Age had to dig 14 meters to find.

The inhabitants of the area at the time suffered a prolonged drought 4,000 years ago that made ​​surface waters practically disappeared from the rivers and streams. This led them to build in this region a network of wells to obtain the stored water in the shallow aquifers. The archaeological work done in the  field delimiting two different spaces in this prehistoric construction. On the one hand, inside the fortified enclosure concentric walls around the tower were protected, were managing and controlling the economic activities of the town.

Outside of that core walls homes were located, different cabins, homes and waste pits. Vestiges of burials were also found in the vicinity of the Motilla that matches the area of ​​the village. Which means that while the wells barrows, aimed at the stars monuments were built, in which complex rituals were performed, offerings deposited or buried the dead.

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