Saturday, September 27, 2014
1893-1976 Mao tse tung/Mao Ze Dong
Ahmad Saleh 1:25 AM nationalisme
Mao Tse-Tung led the Communist Party to power in China, and within a period of twenty-seven years after control of the leadership, the changes are amazing and there is much time in the history of a nation that is so great in number.
Mao Tse-Tung was born in 1893 in the village of Shao-shan in Hunan province, China. His father rather be farmers. In 1911 when Mao was still a student the age of nineteen, revolution broke out which destroyed the Ch'ing dynasty was already decaying and jerk, but this dynasty ruled China since the 17th century. Within a few months the emperor has been dispelled and keel, and China was proclaimed as a republic. Unfortunately, the leaders of the revolution was not able to establish a government that is compact and stable and revolution marked by unrest and civil war in the long term, arguably lasted until 1949.
As a young teenager, Mao knew exactly cover the left in his political views and in 1920 he had become truly genuine Marxist. In 1921 he was one of the twelve founders of the Chinese Communist Party. But the increase is the highest peak of the party leadership towards running slow, so new in 1935 he became chairman of the party.
Meanwhile, the overall course of the Chinese Communist Party was crawling, twisting, bouncing in his efforts came to power. Party suffered many setbacks in 1927 and 1934, but somehow he was able to survive and live on. After 1935, under the leadership of Mao, the party's power steadily increasing and evolving continuously. In 1947, the Chinese Communist Party is ready to combat overthrew the Nationalist Party leader Chiang Kai-Shek. In 1949, troops glorious victory and absolute control of the Communist party throughout mainland China.
China during Mao as the leader of the Communist Party came to power through a fierce battle after thirty-eight years, nearly a China that has been torn, ragged, poor peoples and traditional and backward and illiterate, so it appears darker shadowing career Mao with various obstacles and in such a way that the end of a dead end.
However, kenyataanberlawanan with it, because thanks to the enormous influence on the masses, it is not the end all flaws but rather the beginning of a career of leadership, because at the time of Mao's death in 1976 has been completely overhauled practically the whole of China. One of the terms in general overhaul is the modernization of the country, particularly industrialization, increased level of education that is amazingly fast and improve the health of the people is appalling. These changes, however important, is not the main reason for putting Mao in the order list this book because other countries had the time to do the same simultaneously.
In terms of other successes by China under Mao was the change of the economic system of the capitalist system to a socialist system. Politically, of course cultivation this implemented through totalitarian means that hard. But keep in mind, through indoctrination and refresher courses are intensive and relentless, Mao managed to stir a revolution not only political but also economic and social revolution. Within a quarter of a century has been able to do an overhaul in terms of loyalty to the narrow kinship be loyalty to the nation as a whole. This reshuffle has a very important meaning given in the history of loyalty and bonding system in China kinship Pharmaceutics extremely. Moreover, the Chinese government launched a propaganda hostile to the ideology of Kong Hu Cu and apparently this effort to reach the target.
Of course, not Mao a decisive political line of the government under the Communist Party. Mao never plays alone as well as carried out by Stalin in the Soviet Union. However, it is true Mao is a much more important figure than anyone in the government of China until his death in 1976.
One of the projects is no doubt that the primary responsibility Mao was what became known as the "leap ahead" in the late 50's. Many observers thought that the project, including a focus on the intensification of production methods with the use of human labor, including in the form of small-scale agricultural communes, as a failed project. (In many cases even ignored). Another project that gained the support of Mao, the risk can be a challenge from many other Chinese leaders, is the "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution" in the late 1960s. This is a sharp conflict, in some ways almost akin to a civil war between Mao and his supporters on the one hand with implacable faction of the Communist Party bureaucracy on the other.
Interesting to note, Mao has aged in the mid sixties when the political line "Leap ahead" and was launched through the seventies when the "cultural revolution" driven. And at a time-step approach with the United States occurred, he had nearly eighty years old.
Mao initially held the opinion, the workers in the industrial cities of the strongest advocates of the Communist party base. This is in line with Marx's theory. However, around 1952 Mao concluded in Cina-- pillars --paling little party came from the peasants, not workers. This assumption is unfounded, because during the long and bitter battle with the Nationalist regime, Mao has always been in rural areas. This idea is applied when he became head of state. For example, if when Stalin ruled Russia generally focused on the development of industrial production sector, Mao generally attracted greater attention to agriculture and rural development. Even so, the development of China under Mao industry developed rapidly.
Not an easy assess the long-term significance of a contemporary political figure. Take into account in order keberapa Mao should appear in the list of this book, we can not necessarily raise a comparison with other important figures. Mao Tse Tung have a place in the list above sequence of George Washington, as in domestic reforms-reforms that are the responsibility of Mao act far more fundamental than what has been done by George Washington. Mao also can place over the top than Napoleon, Hitler and Alexander the Great caused long-term effect attached to him, and this is clearly larger than they belong to the so-called first.
Another real comparison is between Mao and Lenin. Mao ruled in a period of time longer than Lenin, after all, in the country whose population is much higher. (The fact was pointed out, the rule of Mao exceed the period of any ruler in history!) However, Lenin and Mao precedes emit a strong influence on Mao, and with the establishing of Communism in Russia means he prepares and opens the way for the subsequent formation of the Communists in China.
People who work effort can almost be equated with Mao Shih Huang Ti. Both the Chinese and the two architects of reshuffle-major reshuffle for his country. Shih Huang Ti can place more on the order of this book because we know the effect lasts for no less than twenty-two centuries. Although the changes were implemented Mao likely more important and more fundamental, but we do not know exactly how long the effect can last.