Saturday, September 27, 2014

1870-1924 Lenin

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Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin was a political leader most responsible for the establishment of Communism in Russia. As followers of Karl Marx persistent and loyal, Lenin laid the political foundation can only be imagined by Karl Marx a. Once the rapid spread of Communism Lenin all over the world, he must be recognized as one of the most influential in the history of mankind. 

Born in Simbirsk (now Ulyanovsk in his honor so replace) in 1870 His father was a public servant obedient but her brother Alexander was a radical who was sentenced to death for taking part in a plot to kill the Tsar. At the age of twenty-three Lenin had become a fervent Marxist. In December 1895 he was arrested by the Tsarist government because of his revolutionary activities and was jailed for fourteen months. After that he was exiled to Siberia. 

For three years in Siberia (which does not seem digubrisnya as torture) he marries a woman who is also writing a book berfaham revolutionary and Growth of Capitalism in Russia. The period of exile in Siberia ended in February 1900 and a few months later Lenin to travel to Western Europe. No less than seventeen years he wandered, becoming a professor revolutionary. When the Social-Democratic Labour Party of Russia where Lenin so members broke into two parts, so the leadership of Lenin larger fragments, the Bolsheviks. 

World War I open up great opportunities for Lenin. This war brought both military and economic catastrophe for Russia and consequently increase the dissatisfaction of the people to the government system Tsar. Finally, the Tsarist government was ousted in March 1917 and for a while it seems Russia is led by a democratic government. Upon hearing of the fall of the Tsar, Lenin rush home to .Rusia and when he got in his native country he can quickly view and retrieve the conclusion that the parties had established a democratic government --even while-- not have enough strength and power is very good condition for the Communist party had a strong grip to control the state of the discipline of its members even slightly. Because it encourages the Bolsheviks Lenin jump ahead overthrow interim government and replace it with a Communist government. Experiments uprising in July did not succeed and force Lenin hiding. A second attempt was made ​​in the month of November 1917 and Lenin became the head of the new state. 

As head of government, Lenin hard but on the other hand he is very pragmatic. At first he proposed pressure uncompromising brief transition period toward a society whose economy is entirely based on socialism. When this is not the way, Lenin retreated gracefully and take the path of a mixed economic system of capitalist-socialist. It runs in the Soviet Union for several years. 

In May 1922 Lenin was seriously ill so that the attack was sick to death of Lenin in 1924 practically can not do anything about it. Once died, his body was carefully embalmed and preserved, was laid in the mausoleum in Red Square today. 

Important feature of Lenin is he a man of action that he was the one who founded the Communist government in Russia. He embraced the teachings of Karl Marx and translated in the form of real practical political action. Since November 1917 there has been expansion of Communist power throughout the world. Now, about a third of the world's population adheres to the Communist ideology. 

Although the significance of Lenin lies in a practical political leader, Lenin also support the influence through the writings. Lenin's thoughts are not contrary to Marx but no change in pressure. Lenin was too dazzled by the tactics of the revolution and he felt had a special advantage in this affair. He ceaselessly stressed the need for the use of force: "There is no problem whatsoever in relation to the class struggle can be resolved without violence," is his trademark phrase. Marx simply hooking the need for the dictatorship of the proletariat once in a while, but Lenin was too tempted by it. For example, saying: "The dictatorship of the proletariat none other than power based violence is not boundless, both legal limit and the limit of absolute rule." 

Lenin's idea of dictatorship is actually more important than political economy. Characteristics terpokok Soviet rule is not in the political economy (many socialist governments in many countries) but more essentially characteristic lies in the technique of maintaining political power for an indefinite period. As of the time of Lenin's life, not a single Communist government anywhere else in the world can --once stood with Pharmaceutics-- deposed. With careful supervision of all institutions of power in the country --mass media, banks, churches, trade unions and other Communist rule seems to have enough spare erode the possibilities of overthrowing the government. There could be weak points in strength, but no one was able to find it. 

Communism obviously clear bin is great movement that has historical significance. It is not really clear who can be considered the most influential in this movement, Marx or Lenin. I think Marx had a more pentirig because he precedes and influences Lenin. But this assumption can still be denied because of the ability of Lenin's political practice is a factor that is very complicated in terms of establishing Communism in Russia. Without the role of Lenin, the Communist feels must wait years to have a chance of holding power and will face more organized resistance. Therefore, it is impossible not to succeed. In terms of establishing the significance of Lenin, people do not forget how short the holding power. Also, the establishment of the dictatorship of the proletariat in the Soviet Union more than a replacement thanks to Lenin, Stalin tougher. 

Throughout his life Lenin was a hard worker and diligent. He is a well-known and the number of books he wrote no less than 55 volumes. He dedicated his whole life to the goals of the revolution, and even though he loves his family, he did not want to work undisturbed. Ironically, let him spend the whole age in eliminating suppression experiments, the results of the struggle are achieved in terms of the destruction of all personal freedom.

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