Saturday, September 27, 2014

±1162-1227 Genghis Khan

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Genghis Khan, the Mongol conqueror biggest, born circa 1162. His father was a minor chieftain, named his son Temujin after he beat another chieftain. When Temujin was nine years old, his father was killed by his tribe, and after that his family members are still alive who happened to be in the grip of fear and isolation. This is truly a beginner of the bitter life, and for even more Temujin before any change is better for him. When he was the age of a young teenager, he was captured in a battle against his tribe. 

To prevent her escape, a bamboo bracelet hung on its neck. From the state of the invisible path escaped custody illiterate primitive group, from a land parched poor miserable, Temujin was able to get up into the strongest man in the world. 

Rise stems from his effort to escape from his custody. Then he joined Toghril, a close friend of the late father, a tribal chief who had ties ties in the area. In the following years were filled with fisticuffs between tribes, Temujin hard-fought step by step to reach the summit. 

Mongol tribes long famous horse riders who adept swordsman and warrior-harsh unforgiving. Throughout their history incessant pounding northern China. But, before Temujin emerged, among the Mongol tribes infringe others like wasted energy. By combining shrewdness bravery, diplomacy, violence and the ability to organize, Temujin managed to unite all the tribes under the leadership of Temujin, and in 1206 a large deliberation among the Mongol tribes Temujin gave the nickname "Genghis Khan" which means "emperor of the universe." Genghis Khan's military strength is scary he coordinated addressed to the sharp end of the adjoining lands. At first he berated the Hsi Hsia in northeast China and Chin Empire in northern China. When the fighting lasted dispute arises between Genghis Khan and Shah Muhammad of Khwarezm who ruled the kingdom of considerable magnitude in Persia and Central Asia. In 1219 Genghis Khan to move his troops to confront Khwarezm Shah. Central Asia and the Persian empire was taken over and Khwarezm Shah Muhammad been destroyed. At the same time most of the Mongol forces invaded Russia, Genghis Khan personally led troops invaded Afghanistan and northern India. He returned to Mongolia in 1225 and died there in 1227. 

Shortly before Genghis Khan breathed his last, he asked that his third son, Ogadai, so a replacement set. This is a wise choice because Ogadai be a brilliant general the results of his own efforts. Under his leadership, the Mongols continued invasion forces in China, fully mastered Russian, and stormed forward towards Europe. In 1241 the combined armies of Poland, Germany, Hungary completely beaten by the Mongols who advanced rapidly towards Budapest. However, that year Ogadai died and Mongol forces retreated from Europe and never come back again. 

There was a time when the vacant subtle Mongol chieftain of the reason they put forward about the leadership replacement. But, while it's under two subsequent Khan (Mangu Khan and Kublai Khan, grandson of Genghis Khan both) Mongolian people continue urging continued progress in Asia. 1279 Mongolian people have mastered an empire which is the widest in history. Mastery of the region includes China, Russia, Central Asia, Southeast Asia and Persian as well. Soldiers doing the full forward motion of success adds to an area stretching from Poland to northern India, and Kublai Khan's rule ended in Korea, Tibet, and parts of Southeast Asia. 

An empire is like this area is by itself difficult to address through which the transport system is still primitive. The result is absurd to maintain the integrity of the territory, so that eventually the empire divided. However, Mongol rule was still able to survive for years. New Mongols largely dispelled from China in 1368. Instead, their power over the Russian area lasts longer. "The Castaways Gold," was a common nickname given to the royal grandson of Genghis Khan named Stone was founded in Russia lasted until the 16th century and lasted until the Khamate of Crimea great-great-grandchildren 1783. another Genghis Khan founded dynasties that controlled Central Asia and Persian. Both of these areas were subdued in the 14th century by Tamerlane (Tamerlane), also bloody Mongol descent and claim to Jengtis. Tamerlane dynasty ended in the 15th century. But even though this does not mean end of conquests and Mongol domination already stop. Great-grandson of Tamerlane named Baber invaded and occupied India and founded the Mogul dynasty (Mongol). Mogul rulers, who controlled almost the whole of India still holding the reins of power until the middle of the 18th century. 

In the course of history would have been ensured control by humans human --could say "crazy" if need-- who has been able to conquer the world and mastered it. The most prominent of the "megalomaniac" This is Alexander the Great, Genghis Khan, Napoleon Bonaparte and Hitler. What is cause and what the reasons put four men on the list in the order the book list? Is not that the idea of ​​a more meaningful name than the army? I certainly agree that in the long run than the pens away have the power sword. Even in the short-term measure. Each of the four figures on the control area so vast and so many residents and instill so much influence on his contemporaries and they can not be called a kind face and set aside ordinary bandits. 

Mongol conquest 

What causes me to conclude Genghis Khan is more important than the other three characters? --of course-- partly because of his influence spread to a wider area than any other influence. And more importantly, the effect takes place within a longer period of time. Defeated Napoleon and Hitler when both were still alive and short-term conquest. Although the troops of Alexander the Great undefeated when he died, he never appointed his successor, and after his death empiriumnya soon fall apart. However, Genghis Khan was able to organize its conquests so carefully and neatly, and both children and grandchildren are all heir to the firm. The Mongols continued possession of the area is so vast in Asia for centuries after the death of Genghis Khan. 

One of the indirect result of the conquest by Genghis Khan saving significance. Mongol conquest coincided with the unification of most of Asia further develop trade routes in the region than the previous state. And encourage the flow of trade between China and Europe. European merchants like Marco Polo is thus able to travel to China and brought back various stories about how such a rich and prosperous China. Increased economic activity with this East area and the increase in China's own interest is one reason that tempt the Europeans to come seek fortune and exploit the East. 

One important fact: suppose Christopher Columbus, Simon Bolivar and Thomas Edison's mother had never been born into the world, you can bet there are other people who discovered America, who freed Latin America, who discovered the electric light. However, if Genghis Khan had never been born his mother, was going to witness the conquest of the world is so powerful and massive by the Mongols. Mongol tribes could never come together before the 13th century and they now can not be united again. Genghis Khan is thus no doubt that a major driver of the big acts in human history.

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